The Laravel News site has a tutorial they've posted showing you how to help internationalize your application by adding multilingual support to Eloquent in your database schemas.
Did you know that several countries throughout the world have more than one official language? For example, my home country Belgium has three; French, Dutch, and German. Most Belgians also speak English. Laravel’s Eloquent ORM is a very powerful part of Laravel. Unfortunately, it doesn’t provide support for multilingual models out of the box. Adding that functionality yourself isn’t that difficult.
They start with a basic migration with no multilingual support included, a simple "articles" table. They show how support could be included by adding columns for languages but suggests that using a "translated" table for the other versions is a better option. With this schema in place, they then show how to use the laravel-translatable package and
Translatable trait to handle the pull and push of the translated data from the database automatically. It can even be set up to pull which version it should display directly from the application's locale setting.