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The Liskov Substitution Principle
Jan 24, 2012 @ 13:40:35

On PHPMaster.com today there's a new post from Alejandro Gervasio about a part of the SOLID development methods - the Liskov Substitution Principle - the idea that objects should be replaceable with instances of their subtypes without a change to the architecture of the application.

Even when the formal definition of the LSP makes eyes roll back (including mine), at its core it boils down to avoiding brittlely-defined class hierarchies where the descendants expose a behavior radically different from the base abstractions consuming the same contract.

He includes an example with a "deleted scene" from the Matrix depicting an attempted override of the PDO functionality with a subclass that, unfortunately, does not match the original's structure/method definitions. The problem was in the difference between the method signature for the "query" method. It help resolve situations like this he recommends creating a "contract" in the form of an interface your code can implement, forcing it to conform to a certain structure. Using this, he provides a rewrite of the "PdoAdapter" class to match the original signature

tagged: liskov substitution principle tutorial example solid development pdo interface