Rob Allen has a a new post to his site today showing you how to inject configuration information into a Zend Framework 2 controller via an interface and some initializer settings in the module setup.
One thing you may find yourself needing to do is access configuration information in a controller or service class. The easiest way to do this is to use the ServiceManger's initialiser feature. This allows you to write one piece of injection code that can be applied to multiple objects. It's easier to show this in action!
He includes a sample configuration file (with a setting for "setting_1") and the interface you implement to structure the load request. He then shows how to hook this into the controller and the code needed for the module "getControllerConfig" (or "getServiceConfig" for use with services) to load in the file and set it to the correct object.