In his latest post to his site Alejandro Celaya shares some suggestions about how to make a good, safe persistent login feature for your application. This is usually referred to as the "remember me" handling and is widely used to help improve the overall user experience.
I'm sure you are familiar with those "remember me" checkboxes in login forms. They are a common way to allow a user to keep his/her session in a web application for an extended period of time when he is in a trusted computer.
One could think that it is a small and easy-to-implement feature, but it has indeed a lot of considerations. [...] In this article I’m not going to show you how to implement a persistent login in one or another programming language, but what are the good practices that should be followed when you implement it in the way you want.
He starts off with some thoughts about the wrong way to handle the persistent login (like just making a long-life cookie) and what some of the consequences could be. Instead he suggests using a cookie (with a random generated token) that's long running, maybe 2 weeks. The difference here is that this token is then refreshed once the token is validated and reset. This reduces the risk of an older token being used on another source too. He also shares some other security concerns to think about in this setup including the use of one-time tokens, potential multiple persistent sessions and when it might be good to re-prompt for the password.