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James Fuller:
Use @dataProvider to reduce duplication and improve the maintainability of your tests
January 31, 2014 @ 12:50:39

Code duplication is a common problem for developers. It's easy to copy and paste code around your application, but you're asking for trouble. Unfortunately, this kind of problem also extends to unit tests. In this new post to his site James Fuller looks at one way to help with this - using the @dataProvider to limit the repetitive data sets across tests.

PHPUnit offers a handy annotation called @dataProvider which can be used for all sorts of handy testing situations. Typically you will use this to feed in a wide variety of data into the same test to ensure that the system-under-test can handle a variety of inputs. Over time I have discovered a few other neat uses for dataProvider methods that I want to share with you today.

He provides some code samples showing how to use the dataProvider in a few tests, setting up an "allowed word" example. He gets a bit more complex with another test that takes in multiple parameters to "mix colors". In his last example he shows a data provider that converts names from camelCase to user_scores.

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unittest dataprovider duplication dataset tutorial

Link: http://www.jblotus.com/2014/01/29/use-dataprovider-to-reduce-duplication-and-improve-the-maintainability-of-your-tests/

John Sonmez's Blog:
Types of Duplication in Code
May 29, 2012 @ 13:58:03

On his "Simple Programmer" blog John Sonmez has a new post looking at three kinds of "code duplication" that you should keep an eye out for when coding your applications:

One of the biggest reasons to refactor code is to eliminate duplication. It is pretty easy to introduce duplication in our code either unintentionally or because we don't know how to prevent or get rid of it. [...] I've found that there are three basic types of duplication that we can eliminate from our code that successfully build on each other.

He describes the three types - data, type and algorithm - and gives some code snippets showing how they present themselves and simple solutions of how to resolve them. There's also a quick mention of a "combined attack" when more than one form of duplication shows up at once. He suggests a to help find the "edges" of the duplication:

I've also found the key to eliminating duplication is sometimes to first exaggerate it. Often I will purposely take two methods that I know have some duplication and make them look even more duplicated in order to be able to clearly see where the duplication lies.
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code duplication data type algorithm



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