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Refactoring to PHP 7
Jan 31, 2017 @ 10:52:42

On thePHP.cc blog today there's a new post sharing some helpful hints related to refactoring your application to PHP 7 written up by a friend of the group, Tim Bezhashvyly.

Recently I have migrated a relatively large codebase from PHP 5.6 to PHP 7 and would like to share some of my learnings. To get the most out of this article, you should be familiar with scalar type declarations (and return type declarations). To learn about these and other features of PHP 7, I recommend the "PHP 7 Explained" eBook.

He makes the recommendation of a bold first step: enabling the strict typing on every file in your application to enforce the typing of all values. Next he recommends running your current test suite to see where the failures are. Changes are pretty high that you'll find issues with type switching and magic method handling. He suggests a method for migrating your code effectively to PHP 7: a test-driven migration. This focus works fine if your coverage is good but unless you're exercising all parts of your codebase things will unfortunately be missed.

He also points out some other changes you can make with this update including the removal of some PHPDoc annotations (you'll know the type for sure now) and modifications that may need to be made to current mock objects in your tests. There's a few other smaller things he recommends looking out for as well including the use of the "silencer" operator and exception changes.

tagged: refactoring php7 testdriven unittest testing migration strict types

Link: https://thephp.cc/news/2017/01/refactoring-to-php7

Laravel News:
Laravel 5.4 Is Now Released
Jan 24, 2017 @ 12:04:54

At the Laravel News site mentions, the latest version of the Laravel framework has been released: Laravel 5.4.

Version 5.4 of Laravel is now officially released! This release has many new features, and improvements.

A video is included in the post showing some of these features and improvements as well as a text-based version with a bit more detail. Topics include:

  • Laravel Dusk
  • Blade components and slots
  • Markdown emails
  • Route improvements
  • Higher order messaging for collections

Each item in the post comes with a brief explanation of the feature and a code snippet showing how it can be used. It also finishes with some of the smaller updates and links to the 4.5 upgrade guide to help you migrate your current application.

tagged: laravel framework release v54 features improvements migration

Link: https://laravel-news.com/laravel-5-4

PHP 5: Active Support Ends. Now what?
Jan 02, 2017 @ 12:54:03

The final day of 2016 has come and gone and with it came the end of active support for the PHP 5.6 series of releases. This also marks the end of active support for anything in the PHP 5.x major release and pushing on with PHP 7. In this post to thePHP.cc blog Sebastian Bergmann talks about what this means for you and the tools you use.

The active support by the PHP project for PHP 5.6, the final release series of PHP 5, ends today. What is "active support"? And what does it mean for you? To answer this, you need to understand PHP's release process.

He starts with the release schedule and when it shifted from the "consensus based model" over to an official process, introducing more formality to the whole process (in 2012). He mentions two key terms to the process: "active support" and "security support". PHP 5.6 has moved past active support and is now in the the security support phase with only security fixes to be released from here on out. Sebastian then talks about what this means for your current code and, if you're still running on PHP 5.6, what you should do to come up to speed with PHP 7.x. He lists some of the projects that are moving into the world of PHP 7 only including PhpSpec 4.0, Laravel 5.5 and Symfony 4.

tagged: php5 active support end security php7 migration upgrade

Link: https://thephp.cc/news/2016/12/php-5-active-support-ends-now-what

Laravel News:
Improved model generation with Laracademy Generators
Sep 08, 2016 @ 11:18:24

The Laravel News site has a quick tutorial posted showing you how using smarter generators to make model classes can help reduce your development time in Laravel applications (using a package to help adds the "smarts" needed).

Laravel provides the Artisan command line tool that allows you to save time by including several generators. Some examples include make:controller, make:model, and make:migration.

Building on top of this idea is a third party package named Laracademy Generators that will automatically generate your models based on your database structure.

They show first the normal process for creating a model and matching migration with the "artisan" command. Once this migration is run and the table is created, they can show how to automagically enhance the model with the generators package, using it to read from the table in the database and update the model with "fillable", "casts" and "dates" properties filled in.

tagged: model generator laracademy package improved database migration

Link: https://laravel-news.com/2016/09/improved-model-generation-with-laracademy-generators/

Rob Allen:
Standalone Doctrine Migrations redux
Jul 07, 2016 @ 12:52:06

Rob Allen has posted a tutorial to his site making some updates to his previous work with the Doctrine migrations handling as a standalone component. In this new tutorial he talks about the newer way to use it in your projects.

Since, I last wrote about using the Doctrine project's Migrations tool independently of Doctrine's ORM, it's now stable and much easier to get going with.

He starts with the basic installation and configuration of the migrations tool, making use of a SQLite database as an example. He then shows the use of the basics of using it to make database changes:

  • creating a new migration
  • running the migrations

Each step comes with code, the commands you'll need to execute and an example of the resulting console output.

tagged: doctrine migration standalone update create execute

Link: https://akrabat.com/standalone-doctrine-migrations-redux/

Helge Sverre:
Database migrations in PHP with Phinx
Jul 04, 2016 @ 11:14:55

Helge Sverre has put together an introduction of a tool perfect for anyone that's been looking for a framework-agnostic way to handle database migrations: Phinx.

Phinx is a database migration tool written by Rob Morgan in PHP, what that means is that you can tell Phinx that you want to create a new database table, add a column or edit the properties of a column by writing “migrations”.

You can then run this migration using the Phinx tool and it will connect to your database with the configuration that you specified and perform the database updates for you automatically.

He then walks you through a full introduction to the tool, breaking it down into sections:

  • Getting Phinx installed (via Composer)
  • Configuring it via a YAML file
  • Writing your first simple migrations
  • Creating database seeders (including the use of Faker data)
  • Rolling back your migrations

All of these topics come with plenty of code, configuration and output examples, helping you ensure you're on the right track.

tagged: database migration phinx library introduction faker tutorial

Link: https://helgesverre.com/blog/database-migrations-in-php-with-phinx/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
Phinx – the Migration Library You Never Knew You Needed
Jun 02, 2016 @ 13:15:36

The SitePoint PHP blog has posted a tutorial about the migration library you never knew you needed for your PHP applications - Phinx (for database migrations).

You’re building an application, and you need to share the database’s structure with your team. After all, you want everyone to be up and running as soon as possible. What do you do? SQL dumps of table structures? You could… but that’s so very primitive – and can be time consuming to import, too! More often than not, database migrations are the answer.

In this tutorial, we’ll go through a framework-agnostic package for building and executing database migrations called Phinx.

He starts by helping you get the tool installed via Composer and initializing your environment for migrations and seeds. He covers the configuration of the tool via a simple YAML file and the creation of first migration files based on an existing table structure. He walks through the code involved to create the tables, add indexes and foreign keys. He shows how to run the migrations, gives an example of the error output and modifying the current database structure.

tagged: migration phinx library tutorial agnostic introduction

Link: https://www.sitepoint.com/phinx-the-migration-library-you-never-knew-you-needed/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
Your First Drupal 8 Migration
Mar 10, 2016 @ 12:20:06

In this tutorial on SitePoint.com author Daniel Sipos introduces you to the concepts behind the Migrate module in Drupal 8 and how it can be used to move content over from other sources.

Migrate is one of the most established modules in the Drupal ecosystem. So much so that with Drupal 8, a decision has been made to get some of its functionality ported and added to Drupal core. An important reason was that the traditional upgrade between major releases was replaced with a migration of Drupal 6 or 7 content and configuration to Drupal 8.

[...] In this article we are going to look at how migration works in Drupal 8 by migrating some content into node entities. For simplicity, the data we play with resides in tables in the same database as our Drupal installation.

He starts but outlining the "migration theory" and parts of the process to get the data in to your Drupal 8 instance: the source, the process and the destination. He uses a movie content example to show the setup needed to create the tables and define the configuration for the relationship to genres. He then shows how to make the migration configuration, defining the three parts and how to define the related migration classes. He ends the post with the drush command to execute the migration, get the current migration status and roll them back if something unexpected happens.

tagged: drupal8 migration data import source process destination

Link: http://www.sitepoint.com/your-first-drupal-8-migration/

Johannes Siipola:
How to use Eloquent ORM migrations outside Laravel
Jan 20, 2016 @ 11:55:10

On his site Johannes Siipola has posted a tutorial showing how to use the Eloquent ORM outside of Laravel, more specifically the migration functionality to manage database table creation/updates/deletions.

Laravel's Eloquent is one of the most fluent and expressive ORM's available for PHP. However, unlike some of its competitors like Doctrine or Propel, it's highly tight to the Laravel ecosystem in some ways. It's still possible to use Eloquent outside Laravel with a bit of work.

[...] If you use Eloquent outside Laravel, you will be missing one of it's best features: database migrations. [...] There has been some effort in order to use Laravel migrations outside the framework, but it hasn't been possible because the migrations require a complete instance of Laravel to run. In this tutorial, we are using framework agnostic Phinx migration library instead.

He then shows how to install the packages needed for the example: Slim framework, the Eloquent ORM and Phinx. He then shows how to set up the database and Phinx configurations and create your first Phinx migration. Inside this migration he makes use of the Eloquent schema builder functionality to create a simple "widgets" table. He ends the post showing you how to create the simple Slim application and work with the model they've created to both save and read data easily.

tagged: eloquent laravel outside orm migration phinx slimframework tutorial

Link: https://siipo.la/blog/how-to-use-eloquent-orm-migrations-outside-laravel

Debian Is Moving to PHP 7, and So Are Numerous Other Linux Distributions
Jan 18, 2016 @ 10:48:36

According to this new article on the Softpedia site, Debian and several other major Linux distributions will soon be making the move up to PHP 7 for their releases, the latest major version of the PHP language.

The Debian developers have publicly announced their plans to migrate all of the PHP 5 to the brand new and powerful PHP 7 release, as well as to change the PHP packaging to allow co-installable versions.

The announcement was made by Debian developer Ond?ej Surý a few couple of days ago on one of Debian Project's mailing lists, where he informs Debian devs about the changes made to the PHP packaging for the operating system, in the pkg-php packaging group.

In fact, PHP 7 has already made it to the unstable releases of the Debian linux distribution for those that would like to test things out. You can find out more of the specifics in this mailing list post on their implementation plans.

tagged: debian php7 migration mailinglist linux unstable

Link: http://news.softpedia.com/news/debian-is-moving-to-php-7-and-so-are-numerous-other-linux-distributions-498951.shtml