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Master Zend Framework:
What Does It Take To Start Using Zend Expressive?
Nov 20, 2017 @ 11:23:17

On the Master Zend Framework site Matthew Setter has posted a new tutorial showing you what it takes to get started using Zend Expressive. The article is more about the environment the framework would live in (well, the application written with it) than the actual framework itself.

Ever thought that it's hard to get started with Zend Expressive? Ever think you need to know Vagrant, Ansible, Docker, Puppet, Linux, and more? Nope, you don't! In this post, I'm going to show you that, while these tools can help, if you’re just getting started with the framework (such as learning about it), you don't need them.

I want to be clear, before we go any further, that I’m not talking about doing fully-fledged development. [...] So what I’m talking about here is when you’re just starting out and getting a feel for Zend Expressive, right up to building a test application. I’m not talking about a fully-fledged, deployed application that requires copious tests, one backed by a CI/CD pipeline.

He then talks a bit about the history of Zend Framework and how one of Expressive's goals it to help take some of the sting out of using it. Following this he covers some of the possible tooling you could use including two environment tools: Docker (useful but not required) and Vagrant (handy but also not a must). Finally he gets to the actual requirement - a version of PHP 7 installed on the system. He shows how it, along with its included web server, can be used in development to host an Expressive site by itself.

tagged: zendexpressive zendframework tool environment tutorial docker vagrant

Link: https://www.masterzendframework.com/what-does-it-take-to-get-started-with-zend-expressive/

Rob Allen:
Implementing CORS in Zend Expressive
Nov 15, 2017 @ 09:20:13

In a new post to his site Rob Allen shows you how to implement CORS in a Zend Expressive application through the use of a simple middleware wrapper that sends the appropriate headers.

On a recent project, I needed to implement CORS support for my Expressive API. The easiest way to do this is to use Mike Tuupola's PSR-7 CORS Middleware.

As this is a standard Slim-Style PSR-7 middleware implementation, we need to wrap it for Expressive, so we make a factory. [...] We then register this in our AppConfigProvider::getDependencies() by adding to the factories key.

He includes the code and configuration changes required to make it all work and includes example output of a request (with headers) from a curl call to the API. He also includes a section on working with JSON error responses and ProblemDetails for when there are issues related to the current CORS policy definition.

tagged: cors tutorial zendexpressive middleware json error problemdetails

Link: https://akrabat.com/implementing-tuupola-cors-in-expressive/

Rob Allen:
Customising Whoops in Expressive
Nov 08, 2017 @ 09:53:40

Rob Allen has a new post to his site showing how you can customize the Whoops output in a Zend Expressive application. Whoops is a package that provides more well-structured and more attractive error output when an issue comes up.

I find the Whoops error handler page in Expressive quite hard to read and particularly dislike that the error message displayed in the top left is hidden if it's more than a few words long.

To fix this, I discovered that you can provide a custom CSS file to the PrettyPrintHandler and then override to your heart's content! One way to do this is to add a delegator factory to add the additional functionality, so let's do that.

He then includes the configuration changes you'll need to make in the Expressive setup to have it recognize the factory and be able to use it as a dependency. He then includes the code to create the factory itself, adding a path to the local CSS files and pushing the custom whoops.css file into the page handler. Example CSS is included showing an update to the display of the main message, removing the need for a mouseover to view it.

tagged: zendexpressive zendframework whoops error handler css configuration factory tutorial

Link: https://akrabat.com/customising-whoops-in-expressive/

Rob Allen:
OuputBuffer Middleware for Expressive
Oct 25, 2017 @ 09:56:14

In a quick post to his site Rob Allen shares code for an OutputBuffer middleware for use with the Zend Expressive framework. Zend Expressive is a middleware-driven framework that makes use of several Zend Framework components to get the job done.

When developing an Expressive application, if you use var_dump(), echo, print_r(), etc when you get [an] error.

This occurs after your data has been displayed and makes perfect sense as Expressive is unable to send headers as you've already started sending the body. To solve this, you need some middleware.

He includes the code for the middleware that grabs the current output being pushed to the user and, using PHP's own output buffering, takes all output and pushes it into the body, preventing any messages about output before the rendering takes place.

tagged: zendexpressive outputbuffer output middleware example

Link: https://akrabat.com/ouputbuffer-middleware-for-expressive/

Rob Allen:
Displaying errors in Expressive with Twig
Oct 19, 2017 @ 12:47:36

Rob Allen has a quick post for the Twig and Zend Expressive users out there showing how to display errors if you're not using the Whoops error handler.

If you're not using the Whoops error handler with Expressive and are using the Twig renderer, then you are given no information about the problem that occurred, even in debug mode.

He includes the Twig template to output the error message and, if the application is in "debug" mode, show an optional block of extra information. This provides details about the exception thrown and some of the previous errors. The previous errors are looped about output to provide more context around the failure.

tagged: error twig zend zendexpressive tutorial output debug

Link: https://akrabat.com/displaying-errors-in-expressive-with-twig/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
Rapid Development of Zend Expressive Modules
Sep 07, 2017 @ 11:49:43

The SitePoint PHP blog has a new post from Kirk Madera sharing some of the things he's learned about creating modules in Zend Expressive. His goal is to make it as easy as possible and enable "rapid development" in your application. This is the second part of a series on rapid development with Zend Expressive from Kirk (part one is here).

I have learned a few tricks when writing Zend Expressive modules that I want to share with you.

Please follow the previous post first to set up a proper working environment. I explained how to install and configure Zend Expressive with Doctrine, Gulp, and an abstract reflection factory – it’ll take a total of 10 minutes.

In this tutorial, we’ll build a simple read-only blog module (a page listing blog posts from a database) in minutes, demonstrating the kind of rapid development one is capable of with Zend Expressive.

He then shows how to use the command line tooling to create the module and how it is registered with Composer. He then shows the creation of the "blog" entity and database tables followed by the routing changes. Next he fleshes out the actions that will respond to the requests on each route and the templates that will be served as a part of the response.

tagged: rapid development application zendexpressive zendframework tutorial module

Link: https://www.sitepoint.com/rapid-development-zend-expressive-modules/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
Rapid Enterprise App Development with Zend Expressive
Aug 29, 2017 @ 15:41:34

The SitePoint PHP blog has posted a new tutorial from author Kirk Madera showing you how to use Zend Expressive to aid in more rapid development in your applications.

If you’ve ever done a Zend Framework quick start, you’ve probably never worked in Zend Framework. The quick start has historically been anything but quick, and it’s easy to lose interest and move on to the next thing.

Zend Expressive greatly improves upon this experience with the wizard driven composer create-project command. However, it can still be daunting to set up because there are so many choices to make up front. This tutorial guides you through my recommended setup for rapid development which will yield an enterprise level, robust application.

He then walks you through the creation of a Zend Expressive project from scratch and how to ensure it's up and running as expected. He then walks you through the structure of the application, software it includes (like Doctrine and Gulp) and examples of them in use. The post ends with a look at creating console commands using the Symfony Console component.

tagged: rapid development application zendexpressive zendframework tutorial introduction

Link: https://www.sitepoint.com/rapid-enterprise-app-development-zend-expressive/

Zend Framework Blog:
REST Representations for Expressive
Aug 09, 2017 @ 10:12:18

On the Zend Framework blog there's a new post from project lead Matthew Weier O'Phinney covering REST representations in Expressive and the release of two new components to help with their implementation.

We've been working towards our various Apigility on Expressive goals, and have recently published two new components: zend-problem-details and zend-expressive-hal.

These components provide response representations for APIs built with PSR-7 middleware. Specifically, they provide: Problem Details for HTTP APIs (RFC 7807) and Hypertext Application Language (HAL).

These two formats provide both JSON and XML representation options (the latter through a secondary proposal).

The post then goes on to talk about the idea of "representations" and how it relates back to the structure of the data returned and how the user knows what operations they can take on it. He also talks about the differences between normal responses and errors and gives example output helping to illustrate his points. The remainder of the post gets into the details of the two new components, their use and how to implement them in Expressive.

tagged: zendexpressive rest representation data structure response api component tutorial

Link: https://framework.zend.com/blog/2017-08-08-expressive-rest-representations.html

Master Zend Framework:
How to Create a Zend Expressive Module
Jul 26, 2017 @ 11:14:52

On the Master Zend Framework site Matthew Setter has written up a tutorial showing you how to create a Zend Expressive module to help organize your application and keep related files all in one place.

I've been reflecting recently on the things that I commonly have to do when I begin building Zend Expressive applications. Of the list that I created, I found that one of the most common — and uninteresting — of them is setting up the rendering of static page content. [...] To solve this, I've usually manually created modules to handle the rendering of static page content. These module's usually had little more than a PageAction class that returned an HtmlResponse object, whose body was a rendered template file.

[...] If you're in a similar position to where I was and want to collate the logic into a reusable module, then follow along with me in this tutorial I'm going to step you through how to create a module which you can reuse across any Zend Expressive project.

He starts by briefly describing a "module" in the context of a Zend Expressive application and how they relate (or don't) to the modules in Zend Framework v2. He then starts in on the module creation, showing how to set up the environment, change the Composer configuration to autoload correctly and describes what the end result should look like. From there the tutorial starts on the code required for the classes covering the basics of the class, exception handling, configuration and the creation of a factory to make a module instance.

tagged: zendexpressive tutorial module static content zendframework

Link: http://www.masterzendframework.com/create-a-zend-expressive-module/

Master Zend Framework:
How to Migrate from Zend Expressive Version 1 to 2 with Command-Line Tooling
Jun 27, 2017 @ 10:43:30

On the Master Zend Framework site Matthew Setter has written up a new tutorial showing you how to migrate from Zend Expressive v1 to v2 with the help of some command line tooling support provided as a part of recent updates to the project.

In part one of this series, we started learning about the tooling support available for Zend Expressive, provided by Zend Expressive Tooling There, we learned how we can use the package to create, register, and deregister middleware, and scaffold new modules. But that's only half of what the package can do.

Here, in part two, let's learn about the other half, which removes some of the heavy lifting required when migrating Zend Expressive applications from version one to two.

He first defines some of the main differences between the two versions, a checklist of things the tooling will help you more automagically update. He talks more specifically about migration support, moving to "programatic pipelines" in Expressive v2 and scanning for deprecated error middleware. There's also information about locating the legacy request and response handling and how they're refactored to the newer format.

tagged: tutorial zendexpressive zendframework migrate version update tooling commandline

Link: http://www.masterzendframework.com/tooling/migrating-to-version-2/