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BitExpert Blog:
Running pdepend on PHP7
Aug 18, 2015 @ 09:57:19

On the BitExpert blog there's a post that shows you how to use the pdepend tool on PHP7, an automated tool that shows you the "quality of your design in the terms of extensibility, reusability and maintainability".

Being a good citizen of the PHP community we do test out internal libs against the current PHP7 codebase. So far we had no issues but then at one day one of our Jenkins PHP7 jobs failed. After investigating a bit it turned out that the problem was not part of our codebase but part of of pdepend. The pdepend process died with the error message that "T_CHARACTER and T_BAD_CHARACTER are no longer defined" which is true. The error was already reported as an issue on Github.

Unfortunately, as the problem here is a change to the core PHP language itself, there's not much of a workaround other than to just not run those certain jobs. He outlines how they handle detecting the tests that have problems, but only when run on PHP7. This allows them to run all of the tests and allow the automated system do to its work. When/if the problem is fixed in pdepend, all that's needed is to remove this one check and they're good to go.

tagged: pdepend phpdepend php7 skip test version error github issue

Link: https://blog.bitexpert.de/blog/running-pdepend-on-php7/

Davey Shafik:
An Exceptional Change in PHP 7.0
Jul 31, 2015 @ 09:55:37

Davey Shafik has a post today that talks about an exceptional change to PHP 7.0 and some updates that have been made to provide more of a hierarchy (a different one) that can make them easier to work with.

With PHP 7 errors and exceptions are undergoing major changes. For the first time, the PHP engine will start to emit exceptions instead of standard PHP errors for (previously) fatal, and catchable fatal errors. This means that we can now handle them much more gracefully with try... catch. But with this change, comes a whole new exception hierarchy.

He provides a tree of the error/exception relationships, what they inherit from and who their "children" are. He also talks more in detail about the "error" type exceptions: Error, AssertionError, ParseError and TypeError. He gets into more detail about catchable fatal errors and the userland handling of the Throwable type and extension.

tagged: exception change php7 throwable error exception tree parent child

Link: http://daveyshafik.com/archives/69237-an-exceptional-change-in-php-7-0.html

Aaron Piotrowski:
Throwable Exceptions and Errors in PHP 7
Jun 29, 2015 @ 11:45:32

Aaron Piotrowski has a new post to his site talking about a feature of the next major release of the PHP language (PHP 7) around error and exception handling: working with throwable exceptions and errors.

Handling fatal errors in the past has been next to impossible in PHP. A fatal error would not invoke the error handler set by set_error_handler() and would simply halt script execution.

In PHP 7, an exception will be thrown when a fatal and recoverable error (E_ERROR and E_RECOVERABLE_ERROR) occurs, rather than halting script execution. Fatal errors still exist for certain conditions, such as running out of memory, and still behave as before by immediately halting script execution. An uncaught exception will also continue to be a fatal error in PHP 7. This means if an exception thrown from an error that was fatal in PHP 5.x goes uncaught, it will still be a fatal error in PHP 7.

He goes on to talk about the new interface that both Fatals and Errors implement to make catching them possible in PHP7: Throwable. He provides an example of what the interface would look like in PHP code and how to catch them (a simple try/catch). He then gets into each of the types and looks at the error and exception types they cover including TypeError, ParseError and AssertionError. He also includes an interesting part at the end of the post showing you how to write your error/exception handling to work correctly with both PHP 5 and PHP 7 at the same time.

tagged: throwable exception error php7 catch try interface introduction

Link: https://trowski.com/2015/06/24/throwable-exceptions-and-errors-in-php7/

Damien Seguy:
Prepare for PHP 7 error messages (Series)
May 26, 2015 @ 09:35:11

For those looking forward to PHP 7, there's a new series of posts from Damien Seguy that can help you with some of the newer error messages and what might be causing them.

The first step to prepare for PHP 7 is to lint it : using the command line instruction ‘php -l script.php’, one can easily check that every file in a current application compile with PHP 7. The second step is to run the application and the unit tests : in short, execute it with PHP 7. And this is where we’ll learn about the new errors that PHP has prepared for us. In order to be one step ahead of the migration, this article will help you prepare here is a panorama on PHP error messages.

In part one he looks at some of the most often raised errors including the incorrect use of "$this" and undefined offsets. Part two gets into a few more complex messages about return type hinting, the constant scalar expression and using temporary expressions in a write context. Finally, part three looks at messaging around redefinition of identical parameters, bit shifting by a negative number, named constructor deprecation and strict typing. Each part of the series covers a few more than just the ones listed here too, so be sure to check each for more helpful error messages and solutions.

tagged: php7 error message help series part1 part2 part3 resolve information

Link: http://www.exakat.io/php-7-error-messages-part-1/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
More Effective PHP Logging with Loggly
May 08, 2015 @ 11:54:13

The SitePoint PHP Blog has a new tutorial by Yones Rafie showing you how to log more effectively with Loggly, a remote log management service that's easy to connect to your PHP application. (Note: this post is sponsored by Loggly but it's still an interesting tool.)

When logging with PHP, we tend to use the error_log and trigger_error functions, or we can use an error handler to make the logging process more generic. [...] But what would you do if you had to log to multiple places at the same time, or you were sending logs to a given service depending on the error level? Rather than using built-in tools, it’s often easier to use logging libraries.

They go on to talk about logging using a PSR-3 compliant logger and show how to integrate the Loggly service with your application via one of the most popular options, Monolog. The integration is made even easier by the fact that Monolog already comes with a LogglyHandler built-in. The post includes the code you'll need to implement the logger, how to integrate it with a Laravel application, setting it up on Heroku and and a tour of the Loggly features for filtering, searching and examples of the graphs showing query results. Loggly is free to try out, so you can see if it will work for your application before making the commitment.

tagged: loggly logging psr3 monolog tutorial error laravel heroku interface example

Link: http://www.sitepoint.com/effective-php-logging-loggly/

SitePoint PHP Blog:
Sending Emails in PHP with PHPMailer
Apr 27, 2015 @ 12:53:56

The SitePoint PHP blog has a tutorial from Narayan Prusty showing you how to effectively use PHPMailer to send emails from your PHP application. PHPMailer provides a simplified interface to send both simple and complex emails.

PHPMailer is one of the most popular open source PHP libraries to send emails with. It was first released way back in 2001 and since then it has become a PHP developer’s favorite way of sending emails programmatically, aside from a few other fan favorites like Swiftmailer. In this article we’ll talk about why you should use PHPMailer instead of PHP’s mail() function and we’ll show some code samples on how to use this library.

He starts by answering the obvious question - is it an alternative to PHP's own mail function? He describes the differences, mostly in the way of enhanced functionality PHPMailer offers. He then helps you get it installed via Composer and how to send a first simple email. Next up he shows how to send an email with attachments and connecting the library to an external SMTP server for sending. The tutorial finishes with a quick mention of using POP3 to read emails and how to show local error messages when something goes wrong.

tagged: tutorial send email phpmailer library simple attachment smtp pop3 error

Link: http://www.sitepoint.com/sending-emails-php-phpmailer/

Rob Allen:
Logging errors in Slim 3
Apr 07, 2015 @ 10:57:36

Rob Allen continues his posts looking at the use of the Slim PHP framework with this new post about logging errors.

Slim Framework 3 is being actively developed at the moment and has a number of changes in it, including the use of the Pimple DI container and an overhaul of pretty much everything else! In this post, I'm going to look at error handling. The default error handler in Slim 3 is SlimHandlersError. It's fairly simple and renders the error quite nicely, setting the HTTP status to 500. I want to log these errors via monolog.

He includes the code to first set up the Monolog logger and inject it into the dependency injection container. Then he creates a custom error handler that extends the Slim handler but overrides the __invoke method to log the message in addition to displaying it. Finally he registers the error handler into the DI container as the "errorHandler" instance so Pimple correctly knows how to throw errors.

tagged: log error slim framework monolog custom errorhandler tutorial

Link: http://akrabat.com/logging-errors-in-slim-3/

Derick Rethans:
Xdebug 2.3: Munging errors
Mar 10, 2015 @ 09:15:47

Derick Rethans has posted a new part of his series looking at the improvements that came with the latest Xdebug release (v2.3). In this new article he talks about error handling and intercepting them to make debugging simpler.

One of the first features I added to Xdebug was the interception of error messages, so that it was possible for me to include a stack trace. Xdebug 2.3 has a few additional settings to control the behaviour of interception.

He covers the addition of three new settings: xdebug.halt_level, force_display_errors and force_error_reporting. Each of these is designed to provide you with customizable error reporting. Each setting comes with an example of its configuration and how it modifies the output of the resulting errors.

tagged: xdebug error haltlevel force reporting display debugging tool

Link: http://derickrethans.nl/xdebug-2.3-error-munging.html

Rob Allen:
Throw an exception when simplexml_load_string fails
Sep 09, 2014 @ 09:27:13

In a quick post to his site Rob Allen shares a class that he's created to handle and throw an exception any time that the load from a SimpleXML parsing fails.

I keep having to look up how to stop the warning that are emitted when simplexml_load_string & simplexml_load_file fail, so this time I've written the world's simplest little class to take care of it for me from now on.

His "Xml" class wraps around the SimpleXML functionality and checks to see if the resulting object is false. If it is, it uses some internal error handling to fetch the error message result and throws it as a "RuntimeException". This error string comes from a "getXMLErrorString" function that uses the libxml_get_errors function to get the resulting error list.

tagged: simplexml load string file fail exception error handling

Link: http://akrabat.com/php/throw-an-exception-when-simplexml_load_string-fails/

Three Devs & A Maybe Podcast:
Exception and Error Handling
May 01, 2014 @ 11:28:48

In the latest episode of the Three Devs and a Maybe podcast Michael Budd, Fraser Hart, Lewis Cains and Edd Mann look at error and exception handling in PHP applications.

In this weeks show we introduce error handling, focusing on how exceptions are used. Initially touching on a brief history of exception's origins, we move on to highlight how languages such as PHP and JavaScript implement them. We round up the chat with a 'pros and cons' breakdown and a fun-packed quiz.

You can listen to this latest episode either through the in-page player or by downloading the mp3 directly. You can also subscribe if you like what you hear and want more great episodes.

tagged: threedevsandamaybe podcast ep22 exception error handling

Link: http://threedevsandamaybe.com/posts/exception-and-error-handling/